Living Condition

Poverty

  • In 2020, the poverty incidence rate in the Philippines was 16.7%, or around 17.6 million people.
  • The poverty incidence rate among families was higher at 21.1%.
  • The poverty incidence rate was highest in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (42.3%) and lowest in the National Capital Region (2.8%).

Natural Disasters

  • The Philippines is one of the most disaster-prone countries in the world, with an average of 20 typhoons hitting the country every year.
  • From 2000 to 2019, the Philippines ranked as the fourth most disaster-prone country in the world, with a total of 304 natural disasters.
  • In 2020, the Philippines was hit by several typhoons, including Typhoon Goni, karding, which was the strongest typhoon to hit the country that year and caused significant damage and loss of life.

Hunger

  • In 2020, the Philippines ranked 69th out of 107 countries in the Global Hunger Index.
  • Around 2.4 million children in the Philippines suffer from acute malnutrition.
  • The COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated hunger in the country, with the number of Filipinos experiencing involuntary hunger increasing to 7.6 million in November 2020.

Homelessness

  • The number of homeless people in the Philippines is difficult to determine, but estimates range from 1.2 million to 4 million people.
  • Homelessness is particularly prevalent in urban areas, where informal settlements or “squatter areas” are common.
  • The lack of affordable housing and the displacement caused by natural disasters contribute to homelessness in the country.

Unemployment

  • In April 2021, the unemployment rate in the Philippines was 7.7%.
  • The underemployment rate, or the percentage of employed individuals who still want more work or longer working hours, was 16.2%.
  • The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly impacted employment in the country, with many businesses closing down or reducing their workforce.